The word “Presbyterian” comes from the Bible, from the Greek word for “elder.” The Presbyterian denomination takes its name from its form of church government, which is to be governed by elders. The Presbyterian Church is a representative form of church government in which the congregation elects church officers to lead the congregation. Our nation’s government was patterned after the Presbyterian representative model.
The roots of the Presbyterian Church go all the way back to the Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther. In terms of core beliefs, Presbyterians have long emphasized the sovereignty of God, Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord, and the authority of the Bible as the main source for learning the truth about who God is and how God calls people to live.